Para Archery Competition
Para Archery competition is the same as able bodied archery competition.
The first round, called the ranking round, consists of shooting 72 arrows at a target with 10 concentric rings. These rings increase in point value the smaller and the closer they get to the centre, so a hit in the outermost zone is worth one point while a hit in the centre, the ‘gold’, is worth 10 points. The total arrow score is the basis for the archers ‘ranking’.
The second round is the elimination and medal round, the so called match play round. The elimination rounds are contested as head-to-head match play. The opponents are determined by the archer’s ranking from the first round. Usually, the first ranked archer will face the last and so on. In some events, the highest ranked archers are automatically advanced to a higher stage of the match play rounds. In the event of a tie, an arrow-by-arrow shoot-off is held. The winning archer advances to the next tie.
There are competitions for 2 bow types for Open para archers:
- Recurve – 122cm target at 70m
- Compound – 80cm target (6-ring) at 50m
W1 para-archers can choose to shoot a recurve or a compound bow. In practice, almost all W1 para-archers shoot with a compound bow, however, magnified sights, peep sights, and levels are not allowed. W1 recurve archers are allowed to use mechanical release aids. W1 shoot to a full 10-ring 80cm target at 50m. The maximum draw weight for W1 archers is 45lb.
In match play, recurve archers use the set system and compound and W1 archers use the cumulative score of 15 arrows.
Besides individual competition, there are also team competitions in each of the sports classes (Recurve Open, Compound Open, W1):
- Gender teams of 3 archers (not currently part of the Paralympic program)
- Mixed gender team of two archers.
The Open class gender teams are allowed to include 1 W1 athlete if there are insufficient Open class archers. However, W1 athletes must still compete according to their classification specification, ie. W1 bow rules.
Specific rules for para archery can be found in Book 3, Chapter 21 of the World Archery rulebook
Australian RMO archers at 2015 World Para Championships