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Matchplay

 

UNDERSTANDING MATCHPLAY COMPETITIONS


Includes new World Archery rules that come into force 1st April 2018.

Matchplay is an exciting form of archery developed by World Archery to create an event which is appealing to the Media and spectator-friendly.

Matchplay is the event that is used for most international competitions, such as World Target (Open and Youth), World Field, World Indoor Championships, Olympic and Paralympic Games, Regional and National Championships and includes Individual, Team and Mixed Team events.

Qualification round

Matchplay competition first commences with a Qualification or Ranking Round.

Outdoor Target Archery

At most major tournaments or Games, for the qualification competitors currently shoot a World Archery 72 arrow round.

During the qualification round, Recurve archers shoot 72 arrows at 70m or 60m (Cadet) at a 122cm Target Face while Compound archers shoot 72 arrows at 50m on an 80cm face (six zone) target face.

Indoor Target Archery

At most major indoor tournaments, for the qualification round competitors currently shoot a World Archery Indoor 1 Round, 60 arrows at 18m on a 40cm Three Spot Vertical Target face.

Individual Elimination and Final rounds

From the individual event, scores shot during the qualification round are used to rank highest against the lowest in each division.

The concept of the Matchplay competition is that following each match there is a winner and looser, the winner will advance to the next leg of the competition while the loser is eliminated.

For World Target Championships, the "cut" is 128th place, although for other target events, it may be 64
th or 32nd place. For Indoor, it is always 32nd place.

If there are less than the required number of competitors for the cut, archers will be issued with a Bye. Generally, during a Bye archers assigned to a target can practice on that target, they do not score and for Recurve competitors they can shoot no more than 3 sets. Compound archers may shoot up to five ends.


For all Matchplay, competitors are ranked using a Pairing Chart, which has the highest ranked archer initially matched against the lowest ranked archer, second highest matched against second lowest and so on.

The pairing chart lists the progression through the tournament with the winners of each match progressing from match to match through the competition.

At all stages for the Matchplay (individual and teams) recurve shoot at 70m on a 122 cm target face (60m for Cadet) and for compound 50m on an 80 cm 6-zone target face.

Team Competition

Generally, during team competition all members of a team must be of the same gender, same bow division and from the same country.

For the Team events, the total score of the three archers competing for a country (team) are added together and the total score is used to ranked the team.

The archers competing in a Team event can be changed by Team Management but the archers in question must have competed in the Qualification Round and any notice for change may be provided to the Organising Committee no less than one hour prior to the commencement of the competition.

In most competitions team events are cut to 24
th place from the Qualification Round. For evens such as the Olympic and Paralympic Games, there are only 12 teams (men and women) qualified to compete.

For the recurve teams event, the target is 122 cm at 70m. For the compound teams event, the target face is 80 cm (6-zone scoring) at 50m.

A match consists of 24 arrows: 4 ends of 6 arrows per end. Each team member shoots 2 arrows per end (2 arrows x 3 archer’s x 4 ends = 24 arrows). All 3 archers on a team will be required to finish shooting before the prescribed time limit (120 seconds).

The archers in a team may shoot in any sequence, but during the alternating competition may shoot only 1 arrow each time they are on the shooting line.

Mixed Team Competition

For the Mixed Team events, the total score of the two archers competing for a country (Team) are added together and the total score is used to ranked the team.

The archers competing in a Mixed Team event can be changed by Team Management but the archers in question must have competed in the Qualification Round and any notice for change may be provided to the Organising Committee no less than one hour prior to the commencement of the competition.

In most competitions team events are cut to 24
th place from the Qualification Round. For most the Olympic and Paralympic Games, there are only 12 teams (men and women) qualified to compete.

During mixed team competition, there is one male and one female team member from the same bow division and from the same country.

For the recurve teams event, the target is 122 cm at 70m (60m for Cadet). For the compound teams event, the target face is 80 cm (6-zone scoring) at 50m.

One match consists of 16 arrows: 4 ends of 4 arrows per end. Each team member shoots 2 arrows per end (2 arrows x 2 archer’s x 4 ends = 16 arrows). Both archers in a team will be required to finish shooting before the prescribed time limit (80 seconds).

The archers in a team may shoot in any sequence, but during the alternating competition may shoot only 1 arrow each time they are on the shooting line.

How Are Matches Conducted?

Individual Eliminations

 

For all events except for Olympic and Paralympic Games, elimination matches are generally conducted “all together” i.e. all competitors shoot at the same time, for Olympic and Paralympic Games every match is shot in the alternating format;

 

Generally, the two-paired archers shoot on the same target and shoot together. They shoot 3 arrows each set/end and the timing is 120 seconds.

 

For Olympic Games, each match is conducted as alternating shooting and each match is shot separately, having only two archers competing on the field at the one time. The timing for alternate shooting is 20 seconds per arrow.

 

During most competitions, alternating shooting does not happen until the finals (semi-finals and medal matches) but this can depend upon the format of the event, generally Gold Medal Matches are shot alternating.

 

Individual Finals

 

Following the elimination matches the four winning archers move onto the Semi Finals.

 

Generally, for the Semi Finals and medal matches each athlete will shoot on a separate target, although based on the program these matches may shot on the same target.

 

Finals matches are generally conducted as alternating shooting on each arrow. Each archer will have up to 20 seconds to shoot one arrow.

 

The final rounds start with the semi-final competition. The losers of the semi-finals shoot for the bronze medal and the winners for the gold (and silver) medals.  

 

Team and Mixed Team Eliminations

 

For all events except for Olympic and Paralympic Games, elimination matches are generally conducted “all together” i.e. all teams shoot at the same time, for Olympic and Paralympic Games every match is shot in the alternating format;

 

Generally, the two-paired teams shoot on the same target and shoot together. Each team will shoot 6 arrows each end (two from each archer in any order) and the timing is 120 seconds.

 

For mixed team each team will 4 arrows each set/end (two from each archer in any order) and the timing is 80 seconds.

 

Team and Mixed Team Finals

 

Team and Mixed Team Finals are conducted as alternating shooting and each match is shot separately, having only two teams competing on the field at the one time. The timing for alternate shooting is 120 seconds (teams) and 80 seconds (mixed teams).

In team alternating shooting the clock will be stopped after the third archer (second archer for mixed team) has shot their arrow and the archer has moved off the shooting line over the one metre line, at this time the timing clock will start for the other team.

 

Correspondingly, timing will recommence for the first team to shoot their remaining three arrows (2 arrows for mixed team) after the third archer (second archer for mixed teams) for the other team has shot their last arrow and moved off the shooting line over the one metre line.

 

During most competitions, alternating shooting does not happen until the finals (semi-finals and medal matches) but this can depend upon the format of the event, generally Gold Medal Matches are shot alternating.

 

How are matches scored?

 

Individual Recurve

 

Individual recurve matches are shot in 3-arrow sets and the match has a maximum of 5 sets.

 

To score each set, the 3 arrows are added together and the archer with the highest score wins that set and is awarded 2 points for the win. If the scores are tied, the set is tied and each archer receives 1 point.

 

The first archer to 6 points wins the match.

 

A match could be completed in a little as 3 sets, which is a straight sets win or, it could go to 5 sets before there is a winner.

 

If there is no clear winner after 5 sets (6 points) and the scores are tied after 5 sets a single arrow shoot-off is used to break the tie.

 

For a single arrow shoot-off, each archer shoots one arrow and the archer with the highest score will win the match or, if the same score is shot by both archers, the archer with the arrow closest to the centre will win the match, unless both arrows are a 10 (recurve) or X (compound) in which case the match will remain a tie and another arrow will be shot by each archer.

 

After this second arrow the archer with the highest score or closest to the centre will be declared the winner.

 

Individual Compound

 

Individual compound matches are shot in 3-arrow ends, with a maximum of 5 ends.

 

Scoring is cumulative (scores for each end are added together) and the archer with the highest score after five ends wins the match.

 

If the scores are tied after five ends a single arrow shoot-off is required to break the tie.

 

For a single arrow shoot-off, each archer shoots one arrow and the archer with the highest score will win the match or, if the same score is shot by both archers, the archer with the arrow closest to the centre will win the match, unless both arrows are a 10 (recurve) or X (compound) in which case the match will remain a tie and another arrow will be shot by each archer.

 

After this second arrow the archer with the highest score or closest to the centre will be declared the winner.

 

Team Event - Recurve

 

Team event recurve matches are shot in 6-arrow sets and the match has a maximum of 4 sets.

 

To score each set, the 6 arrows are added together and the team with the highest score wins that set and is awarded 2 points for the win. If the scores are tied, the set is tied and each archer receives 1 point.

 

The first team to 5 points wins the match.

 

A match could be completed in a little as 3 sets, which is a straight sets win or, it could go to 4 sets before there is a winner.

 

If there is no clear winner after 4 sets and the scores are tied after 4 sets a three arrow shoot-off is used to break the tie.

 

For a three arrow shoot-off, each archer shoots one arrow and the team with the highest score will win the match or, if the same score is shot by both teams, the team with an arrow closest to the centre will win the match. If arrows are too close to determine a winner a send Shoot off will be conducted.

 

After this second shoot off the team with the highest score or closest to the centre will be declared the winner.

 

Team Event - Compound

 

Team event Compound matches are shot in 6-arrow ends and the match has a maximum of 4 ends.

 

Scoring is cumulative (scores for each end are added together) and the team with the highest score after four ends wins the match.

 

If there is no clear winner after 4 ends and the scores are tied after 4 ends a three arrow shoot-off is used to break the tie.

 

For a three arrow shoot-off, each archer shoots one arrow and the team with the highest score will win the match or, if the same score is shot by both teams, the team with an arrow closest to the centre will win the match. If arrows are too close to determine a winner a send Shoot off will be conducted.

 

After this second shoot off the team with the highest score or closest to the centre will be declared the winner.

 

Mixed Team

 

Mixed Team Event - Recurve

 

Mixed Team event recurve matches are shot in 4-arrow sets and the match has a maximum of 4 sets.

 

To score each set, the 4 arrows are added together and the mixed team with the highest score wins that set and is awarded 2 points for the win. If the scores are tied, the set is tied and each archer receives 1 point.

 

The first team to 5 points wins the match.

 

A match could be completed in a little as 3 sets, which is a straight sets win or, it could go to 4 sets before there is a winner.

 

If there is no clear winner after 4 sets and the scores are tied after 4 sets a two arrow shoot-off is used to break the tie.

 

For a two arrow shoot-off, each archer shoots one arrow and the team with the highest score will win the match or, if the same score is shot by both teams, the team with an arrow closest to the centre will win the match. If arrows are too close to determine a winner a send Shoot off will be conducted.

 

After this second shoot off the team with the highest score or closest to the centre will be declared the winner.

 

Mixed Team Event – Compound

 

Team event Compound matches are shot in 4-arrow ends and the match has a maximum of 4 ends.

 

Scoring is cumulative (scores for each end are added together) and the team with the highest score after four ends wins the match.

 

If there is no clear winner after 4 ends and the scores are tied after 4 ends a two arrow shoot-off is used to break the tie.

 

For a two arrow shoot-off, each archer shoots one arrow and the team with the highest score will win the match or, if the same score is shot by both teams, the team with an arrow closest to the centre will win the match. If arrows are too close to determine a winner a send Shoot off will be conducted.

 

After this second shoot off the team with the highest score or closest to the centre will be declared the winner.

 

Shooting Individual Eliminations Matches

 

During the elimination stage all archers of a division and category (I.e. Men Recurve) are on the Shooting Line together. That is to say if there were 64 archers’ in the competition there would be 32 targets and 32 matches conducted together.

 

For recurve a standard single target face would be on each target butt while, for compound two 80 cm (6-zone scoring) target faces will be placed side to by side on the target butt with the left hand archer shooting at the left hand target face and right hand archer shooting at the right hand target face.

 

Timing and signal process is the same as target archery for a three arrow ends (120 seconds) –

                One beep (call to the Shooting Line) – Red Light – Time 10 seconds

                Two beeps (commence shooting) – Green Light – Time 120 seconds

                With 30 seconds remaining light will turn to Orange

                Three beeps (stop shooting) – Red Light

 

NOTE – If an arrow is shot after the sound signal the archer will lose their highest scoring arrow.

It should be noted that the end of shooting is the Sound Signal not the timing clock running out.

 

Shooting Alternating Matches

 

Prior to entering the Field of Play the highest ranked archer, that is the archer who was the highest ranked of the two archers in the match from the qualification round will be given the opportunity to decide who shoots first.

 

This information will be given to the DOS and Line Judge; the DOS will adjust the timing clocks accordingly.

 

Timing and signal process is the same as for target archery although only three arrow ends with 120 seconds timing –

 

When advised each archers coach will be escorted onto the Field of Play and shall position themselves in the designated area to the rear and side of each competitor. The coach may bring with them the archers spare equipment and a spotting scope for the coaches use.

 

The Line Judge will then march onto the Field of Play with the two archers following the Line Judge.

 

The archers shall position themselves with their equipment behind the Waiting Line (“One Metre Line”) while the Line Judge will move onto the Shooting Line facing the archers.

 

Note – Archers will bring the bow and for events with a video board and which are not live streamed or videoed my bring a spotting scope to view their arrows. For events that have a video board no spotting scope can be used by the archer as this creates a visual interference to the video images. The archers may use the video feed to spot their arrows or seek advice from their coach.

 

When both archers are ready the Line Judge will call the archers to the Shooting Line and they will stand on either side of the Line Judge facing the rear spectator area.

 

The venue announcer will introduce both archers starting with the archer on target one and then the archer on target two.

 

Following introductions, the Line Judge will direct both archers back to the Waiting Line, when the archers are ready the Line Judge will indicate who will shoot first and then check the Field of Play is clear. If clear the Line Judge will then indicate to the DOS to start the match.

.

1.       One beep (both archers can come to the Shooting Line) – Red Light – Time 10 seconds

2.       Two beeps (first archer to commence shooting) – Green Light – Time 20 seconds.

                                Note – At this time the second archer may prepare for their first shot.

3.       As the arrow is shot and hits the target, once the score is announced timing will start for the second archer to shoot their first arrow, generally there is no sound signal only the Timing Clock will commence to count down.

                Note – At this time the first archer may prepare for their second shot.

4.       Again, as the arrow is shot and hits the target, once the score is announced timing will start for the first archer to shoot their second arrow, generally there is no sound signal only the Timing Clock will commence to count down.

5.       This process will continue until both archers have shot three arrows each (or the timing has run out for an archer).

6.       Three beeps (stop shooting) – Red Light, scoring is undertaken.

 

At major events to speed up scoring, scoring is not undertaken by the archers but by an “Archers Agent and Target Judge. During shooting the Archers Agents and Target Judge/s are positioned in “Blinds” usually situated off to the side of the field just in front of the targets.

 

For minor events the where there is no “Archers Agent the archers will be required to walk to the target with the “Line Judge” to carry out scoring.

 

Shooting Team Eliminations Matches

 

During the elimination stage all teams of a division and category (I.e. Men Recurve) are on the Shooting Line together generally with paired archers shooting on the same target. That is to say if there were 16 teams in the competition there care generally 16 targets being used (maybe 8 targets depending upon venue size and event format).

 

When one team to a target, for recurve a standard single target face would be on each target butt while, for compound two 80 cm (6-zone scoring) target faces will be placed side to by side on the target butt with each team member shooting 3 arrows into each target.

 

Team Event (three person team)

 

Timing and signal process shall be six arrow ends (120 seconds) –

One beep (preparation, both team remain behind one metre line) – Red Light – Time 10 seconds

Two beeps (first archer from each team comes to Shooting Line) – Green Light – Time 120 seconds

After the first archer has shot (either one or two arrows) the second archer comes to the Shooting Line and then the third archer until the team has shot 6 arrows.

           With 30 seconds remaining light will turn to Orange

           Three beeps (stop shooting) – Red Light

 

NOTE – If an arrow is shot after the sound signal the archer will lose their highest scoring arrow.

It should be noted that the end of shooting is the Sound Signal not the timing clock running out.

 

PENALITY – Matches shall be supervised by a Judge; the Judge may impose a “Time Penalty” if they observe either of the following rule infringements –

1.       An archer removes an arrow from their quiver (point is visible) before standing on the Shooting Line.

2.       An archer has not returned over the “One Metre Line” before the next archer has stated to move forward over the “One Meter Line”.

 

In both cases the Judge will show a Yellow Card (to the Team Coach) and the time penalty imposed will be the archer must return back over the “One Meter Line” and start again.

 

If they have removed their arrow from their quiver this must be replaced before they proceed over the “One Metre Line” again.

 

Mixed Team Event (2 person team)

 

Timing and signal process shall be four arrow ends (80 seconds) –

One beep (preparation, both team remain behind one metre line) – Red Light – Time 10 seconds

Two beeps (first archer from each team comes to Shooting Line) – Green Light – Time 80 seconds

After the first archer has shot (either one or two arrows) the second archer comes to the Shooting Line and then the third archer until the team has shot 4 arrows.

                With 30 seconds remaining light will turn to Orange

                Three beeps (stop shooting) – Red Light

 

NOTE – If an arrow is shot after the sound signal the archer will lose their highest scoring arrow. It should be noted that the end of shooting is the Sound Signal not the timing clock running out.

 

PENALTY – Matches shall be supervised by a Judge; the Judge may impose a “Time Penalty” if they observe either of the following rule infringements –


1.       An archer removes an arrow from their quiver (point is visible) before standing on the Shooting Line.

2.       An archer has not returned over the “One Meter Line” before the next archer has stated to move forward over the “One Meter Line”.

 

In both cases the Judge will show a Yellow Card (to the Team Coach) and the time penalty imposed will be the archer must return back over the “One Meter Line” and start again.

 

If they have removed their arrow from their quiver this must be replaced before they proceed over the “One Metre Line” again.

 

 

Shooting Team Alternating Matches

Team Event (3-person team)

 

Prior to entering the Field of Play the highest ranked team, that is the team who was the highest ranked of the two teams in the match from the qualification round will be given the opportunity to decide who shoots first.

 

This information will be given to the DOS and Line Judge; the DOS will adjust the timing clocks accordingly.

 

Timing and signal process is the same as for target archery although only three arrow ends with 120 seconds timing –

 

When advised each teams coach will be escorted onto the Field of Play and shall position themselves in the designated area to the rear and side of each team. The coach may bring with them the archers spare equipment and a spotting scope for the coaches use.

 

The Line Judge will then march onto the Field of Play with the two teams following the Line Judge.

 

The archers shall position themselves with their equipment behind the Waiting Line (“One Metre Line”) while the Line Judge will move onto the Shooting Line facing the archers.

 

Note – Team members will bring the bow and for events without a video board and which are not live streamed or videoing the team my bring a spotting scope to view their arrows. For events that have a video board no spotting scope can be used by the team members as this creates a visual interference to the video images. The team members may use the video feed to spot their arrows or seek advice from their coach.

 

When both teams are ready the Line Judge will call the team members to the Shooting Line and they will stand on either side of the Line Judge facing the rear spectator area.

 

The venue announcer will introduce both teams starting with the team on target one and then the team on target two.

 

Following introductions, the Line Judge will direct both teams back to the Waiting Line “One Metre Line”, when the archers are ready the Line Judge will indicate who will shoot first and then check the Field of Play is clear. If clear the Line Judge will then indicate to the DOS to start the match.

.

7.       One beep (team members will remain behind the One Metre Line) – Red Light – Time 10 seconds

8.       Two beeps (first archer to commence shooting) – Green Light – Time 120 seconds.

Note – Ideally each archer should only shoot one arrow and then leave the shooting line for the next archer but if there is an equipment failure an archer may shoot two arrows but the archer who was unable to shoot due to the equipment failure must shoot two arrows in the next shooting sequence. The archer who shot two arrows scan not no more arrows in that end.

 

While each archer is shooting the next archer may prepare themselves behind the “One Metre Line” for their turn to shoot.

 

9.       When the first team has shot three arrows and the last archers has stepped over the “One Metre Line” the clock will be stopped for that team and started for the other team to commence shooting.

 

10.   When the second team has shot three arrows and the last archers has stepped over the “One Metre Line” the clock will be stopped for that team and re-started for the first team to commence shooting.

 

11.   When the second team has shot their last three arrows the clock will be re-started for the second team to commence shooting and complete their final three arrows.

 

12.   Three beeps (stop shooting) – Red Light, scoring is undertaken.

 

At major events to speed up scoring, scoring is not undertaken by the archers but by an “Archers Agent and Target Judge. During shooting the Archers Agents and Target Judge/s are positioned in “Blinds” usually situated off to the side of the field just in front of the targets.

 

For minor events the where there is no “Archers Agent the archers will be required to walk to the target with the “Line Judge” to carry out scoring

This process will continue until the match has been completed.

 

Matchplay Results Template

Elimination Matchply

Score Card Templates

Matchplay Set System

Matchplay (Non Set System) Accumulative

Matchplay Team

Matchplay Mixed Team

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